目前日期文章:201402 (6)

瀏覽方式: 標題列表 簡短摘要

13. 我沒有男朋友。

I have no boyfriend。

I don’t have a boyfriend。

 

14. 他的身體很健康。

His body is healthy。

He is in good health. You can also say: He's healthy。

 

15. 價錢很昂貴/便宜。

The price is too expensive/cheap。

The price is too high/ rather low。

 

16. 我們下了車。

We got off the car。

We got out of the car。

 

17. 車速快了。

The speed of the car is fast。

The car is speeding. Or “The car is going too fast。”

 

18. 這個春節你回家嗎?

Will you be going back home for the Spring Festival?

是的,我回去。 Of course! (這一句是錯的)

當然。 Sure. / Certainly。 (這種說法是正確的)

以英語為母語的人使用of course的頻率要比台灣的學生低得多,只有在回答一些眾所周知的問題時才說of course。因為of course後面隱含的一句話是“當然我知道啦!難道我是一個傻瓜嗎?”因此,of course帶有挑釁的意味。在交談時,用sure或certainly效果會好得多。同時,of course not也具挑釁的意味。正常情況下語氣溫和的說法是certainly not。

 

19. 我覺得右手很疼。

I feel very painful in my right hand。

My right hand is very painful. Or “My right hand hurts(aches)。”

 

20. 他看到她很驚訝。

He looked at her and felt surprised。

He looked at her in surprise。

 

21. 我讀過你的小說但是沒料到你這麼年輕。

I have read your novels but I didn't think you could be so young。

After having read your novel, I expected that you would be older。

 

22. 她臉紅了,讓我看穿了她的心思。

Her red face made me see through her mind。

Correct: Her red face told me what she was thinking。

 

23. 別理她。

Don't pay attention to her。

Leave her alone。

 

24. 我在大學裡學到了許多知識。

I get a lot of knowledge in the university。

I learned a lot in university。

 

25. 黃山正在讀書。

Samuel is reading a book。

Samuel is reading。

 

26. 她由嫉妒轉向失望。

She was so jealous that she became desperate。

Jealousy drove her to despair。

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托福口說常見錯誤句型:在台灣考生的托福口說考試中,“台式英語”可謂防不勝防。甚至很多我們已經用熟了的口語句型,居然是錯誤的,不能不說,這種失分是非常可惜的。希望大家千萬警惕,不要再犯類似的錯誤。

1. 我非常喜歡。

I very like it

I like it very much。

這個錯誤基本上是每個人都會出錯的,原因非常簡單,就是因為在使用中文思維,然後翻譯成簡單的英語表達,這是非常危險的一個習慣。

 

2. 這個價格對我挺合適的。

The price is very suitable for me。

The price is right。

suitable(合適的、相配的)最常見的用法是以否定的形式出現在告示或通知上,如:下列節目兒童不宜。 The following programme is not suitable for children。在這組句子中用後面的說法會更合適。

 

3. 你是做什麼工作的呢?

What’s your job?

What’s your occupation?

what's your job?這種說法難道也有毛病嗎?是的。因為如果您的談話對像剛剛失業,如此直接的問法會讓對方有失面子,所以您要問:目前您是在上班嗎?Are you working at the moment?接下來您才問:目前您在哪兒工作呢?Where are you working these days?或者您從事哪個行業呢?What line of work are you in? 最地道的是說Occupation. 順帶說一下,回答這類問題時不妨說得具體一點,不要只是說經理或者秘書

 

4. 用英語怎麼說?

How to say?

How do you say this in English?

Note:How to say是在台灣最為氾濫成災的台式英語之一,這決不是地道的英語說法。同樣的句子有:請問這個詞如何拼寫?How do you spell that please?請問這個單詞怎麼讀?How do you pronounce this word?

 

5. 明天我有事情要做。

I have something to do tomorrow?

Sorry but I am tied up all day tomorrow。

用I have something to do來表示您很忙,這也完全是台式的說法。因為每時每刻我們都有事情要做,躺在那裡睡大覺也是事情。所以您可以說我很忙,脫不開身:I'm tied up。還有其他的說法:I'm I can't make it at that time. I'd love to, but I can't, I have to stay at home。

 

6. 我沒有英文名。

I haven’t English name。

I don’t have an English name。

許多人講英語犯這樣的錯誤,從語法角度來分析,可能是語法功底欠缺,因為have在這裡是實義動詞,而並不是在現在完成時裡面那個沒有意義的助動詞。所以,這句話由肯定句變成否定句要加助動詞。

明白道理是一回事,習慣是另一回事,請您再說幾話:我沒有錢;I don't have any money。我沒有兄弟姐妹;I don't have any brothers or sisters。我沒有車。 I don’t have a car。

 

7. 我想我不行。

I think I can’t。

I don’t think I can。

這一組然是個習慣問題,在語法上稱為否定前置,這就是漢語裡面說“我想我不會”的時候,英語裡面總是說“我不認為我會”。以??會習慣英語的說法的,

 

8. 我的舞也跳得不好。

I don’t dance well too。

I am not a very good dancer either。

當我們說不擅長做什麼事情的時候,英語裡面通常用not good at something,英語的思維甚至直接踴躍到:我不是一個好的舞者。

 

9. 現在幾點鐘了?

What time is it now?

What time is it, please?

What time is it now這是一個直接從漢語翻譯過的句子,講英語的時候沒有必要說now,因為您不可能問what time was it ye​​sterday, 或者what time is it tommorow?所以符合英語習慣的說法是:請問現在幾點了?還有一種說法是:How are we doing for time?這句話在有時間限制的時候特別合適。

 

10. 我的英語很糟糕。

My English is poor。

I am not 100% fluent, but at least I am improving。

有人開玩笑說,全台灣人最擅長的一句英文是:My English is poor。實話說,我從來沒有遇到一個美國人對我說:My Chinese is poor. 無論他們的漢語是好是壞,他們會說: I am still having a few problem, but I getting better

當您告訴外國人,您的英語很poor,so what(那又怎麼樣呢),是要讓別人當場施捨給我們一些英語呢,還是說我的英語不好,咱們不談了吧。

另外一個更大的弊端是,一邊不停的學英語,一邊不停地說自己的英語很poor,這正像有個人一邊給車胎充氣,又一邊在車胎上紮孔放氣。

 

11. 你願意參加我們的晚會嗎?

Would you like to join our party on Friday?

Would you like to come to our party on Friday night?

join往往是指參加俱樂部或者協會,如:join a health club; join the Communist Party。事實上,常常與party搭配的動詞的come 或者go。如go a wild party,或者come to a Christmas Party。

 

12. 我沒有經驗。

I have no experience。

I don’t know much about that。

I have no experience這句話聽起來古里古怪,因為您只需要說:那方面我懂得不多,或者這方面我不在行,就行了。 I am not really an expert in this area。

 

未完待續>>>

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托福寫作中有一些會“遺傳”的錯誤,考生們只顧著怎樣用經典的句子加分,卻忽略了打好基礎,萬丈高樓平地起的道理。在用句措辭不能保證完全正確的情況下,返璞歸真來的更實際,少一些浮誇華麗的辭藻,但也不至於在托福寫作中因詬病而被扣分,以下為大家列出托福寫作中需要提防的10個常見錯誤。

1、用詞不當

學生們寫的作文里或多或少都會有一些用詞不當的問題,但是要注意的是一些最最基本的錯誤是不能犯的。

In the show, if participators answer twenty problems that the host mentioned correctly, they will get five hundreds thousand US dollars as a prize.

problems應改為questions

 

2、拼寫錯誤

這裡的拼寫錯誤不是指在考試時候的誤打,而是本身對詞彙拼寫記憶的錯誤。

In conclusion, issue of whether parents are the best teachers is a complex one, requiring subjective judgement, consequently, there are no easy or certain answers.

judgement應改為judgment

 

3、亂用大詞

First of all, children can earn money from their jobs, although there isn't too much, but they will keep their salary gingerliness.

這裡的gingerliness根本是不知所云。該句子還有以下問題:

1)該作文題目是講學生是否應該做兼職,因此children的出現就顯得很莫名其妙;

2)although和but是不能連用的;

3)指代不明,they不知道是指代前面的什麼;

 

4、表達中式

The second argument-it might have been noticed by others-is that in some occasion, it is quite difficult to compare parents to teachers because parents are a kind of people, teachers are a kind of vocation.

該句的表達過於中式化。

 

5、表意重複

They shocked their friends, devastated their families, crushed their best friends.

前面已經提到了朋友,後面又提到朋友。

The show is so compelling but attractive.

compelling和attractive是同義詞,所以這裡這麼寫就讓人不明白。

 

6、固定用法錯誤

To some extends, I agree with the author's general assertion that if parents also have a comprehensive sense of professional knowledge.

To some extends應改為To some extent

 

7、例證誇張

For example, when a doctor faces a patient who has got cancer, the doctor cannot tell the truth, for the truth may cause the patient's immediate death.

雖然善意的謊言是必要的,但是其功效顯然沒有這麼大。

 

8、成分多餘

According to a comprehensive investigation which is carried out by Chinese Academy of Social Sciences shows that there is an increase in the number of university students who are taking part-time jobs.

該句中的shows that是多餘的成分。

 

9、詞性混亂

However, the questions such as "Have you ever regretted marrying your husband" may be very privacy and embarrassingly.

句子中的privacy和embarrassingly應該改成private和embarrassing

 

10、時態錯誤

托福大作文一般使用現在時態,​​除了拿過去事件作為例子用過去時態。

Some people claimed that news media has enormous influence and is a detrimental creation.

claimed應該改為claim

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連貫性”是新托福口語評分標準中的一個非常重要的因素,它指的是托福口語答案中信息點之間的銜接是否自然流暢。以下歸納整理的資料可以幫助考生增強口語回答連貫性的六條指導原則。

1. 運用總分總的結構

Your listeners will understand your talk better if you organize what you say in a logical sequence or linear pattern. This means that you tell the listeners what you are going to talk about and then go through the points you want to make. The most common pattern of organization is outlined below:

Introductory statement

Point 1

Point 2

Point 3

Concluding statement

An example of this pattern is shown below:

Breeding butterflies has many advantages for the collector.

1. way of obtaining specimens

2. spares can be released into the wild

3. helps survival because butterflies have been protected from natural predators

The experience is a learning experience for the collector and a benefit to the species.

 

2. 運用連接詞

Connecting ideas by using transition words and phrases tells your listeners the relationship of one idea to the next. You can signal to your listener that you are going to put events in a sequence, add information, or make a comparison. You can signal that you want to emphasize or clarify a point. Using transition words and phrases helps your listener follow the flow of your ideas. Read the following example without transitional expressions:

In my physics class, we did lots of experiments that helped clarify scientific principles. I understood those principles better by doing those experiments.

These sentences would flow better if the speaker used transitional expressions as in the following example:

In my physics class, we did lots of experiments that helped clarify scientific principles. As a result, I understood those principles better.

 

3. 解釋或定義陌生概念

In order to help your listeners understand, you may need to define a term that you use in your response. Read the following example:

My hobby is telemark skiing.

If the speaker does not define the term and listeners do not know what telemark skiing is, they might not understand the rest of the passage. Sometimes listeners can guess the meaning through the context of the passage, but sometimes they cannot. Here is the definition this speaker gave of telemark skiing:

That means skiing using telemark skis.

Even though the speaker defined telemark skiing, listeners still may not understand what it means because the speaker defined the term with the same word. To effectively define a word, use a three-part definition:

1.State the word or phrase to be defined.

2.Give the category that the word or phrase fits into.

3.Tell how the word is different from other words that fit the same category.

Read this example of an effective definition:

Telemark is a type of alpine skiing in which the boots are connected to the skis only at

the toes, so traditional skiing techniques have to be modified.

 

4.正確使用平行結構

Your listener can understand the flow of your ideas better if you use parallel structures when you speak. Read the following incorrect example:

My teacher gave interesting assignments and motivati​​ng the students.

The listener may be confused because the speaker has mixed different grammatical structures. Does the speaker mean My teacher gave interesting and motivati​​ng assignments to the students'? In this sentence, interesting and motivati​​ng are parallel adjectives. Or does the speaker mean My teacher gave interesting assignments and motivated the students? In this sentence, gave and motivated are parallel verbs.

 

5.對關鍵詞進行替換或同義轉換

When a speaker keeps repeating a word or phrase, listeners can get confused. Read the following example:

My teacher wrote the assignment on the chalkboard. The assignment was on the chalkboard until the teacher erased the assignment after we had all done the assignment.

This speaker's ideas would be clearer if the repeated words were replaced with other expressions or with pronouns. Look at the way this example can be improved:

My teacher wrote the assignment on the chalkboard. She erased the board after we had all completed the task.

The word assignment has been replaced with task; the word teacher with she; and the word chalkboard with board.

 

6.時態、人稱和數量的統一

Your listener can get confused if you are not consistent. Look at the following example:

My teacher brought five paper bags to school one day. ​​He put us into groups and gave each group a bag. You have to take the objects out of the bags in turn and then a person has to tell a story involving the object from the bag .

The listener may get confused by the change from the past tense to the present tense, and the change from us to you and then to a person. The listener might also be confused by the change from the plural form objects and bags to the singular forms object and bag.

The listener could follow this speaker's ideas better if the speaker were consistent. Look at the way this example can be improved:

One day my teacher put us into five different groups. He gave each group a bag and told us to take turns pulling out an object and telling the other members of the group a story involving that object.

 

以上就是增加口語連貫性的6個方法,口語的提高重在練習,要有一個英文環境對台灣考生來說並不簡單,那麼我們就自己製造環境,多聽英文歌,多看英文電影等等。

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托福閱讀除了詞彙量較大以外,句子結構複雜也是托福閱讀的障礙之一。面對難句,必須迅速把握其主乾和重點,因為考試時涉及答案的主要是句子的主乾和重點,對於句子簡化題(sentence simplification)尤其如此。要把握難句的主乾和重點,首先要弄清它們的類型。簡而言之,托福中的難句主要包括下列類型:

1.定語(包含後置定語與定語從句)

2.同位語

3.並列結構

4.that引導的各種從句

5.插入結構

6.獨立主格

7.倒裝句

8.強調句

9.虛擬語氣

對於不同類型的難句,把握主幹的方法也不一樣。以倒裝句為例,主要有下列情況:

1.方位副詞放在句首

Herein lay the beginning of what ultimately turned from ignorance to denial of the value of nutritional therapies in medicine。

2.介系詞放在句首

Among the species of seabirds that use the windswept cliffs of the Atlantic coast of Canada in the summer to mate, lay eggs, and rear their young are common murres, Atlantic puffins, black-legged kittiwakes, and northern gannets。

3. 形容詞放在句首

Implicit in it is an aesthetic principle as well: that the medium has certain qualities of beauty and expressiveness with which sculptors must bring own aesthetic sensibilities into harmony。

4.過去分詞放在句首

Accustomed though we are to speaking of the films made before 1927 as “silent”, the film has never been, in the full sense of the word, silent。

5.現在分詞放在句首

Missing until recently were fossils clearly intermediate, or transitional, between land mammals and cetaceans。

 

句子倒裝的目的主要有兩個:

一是被提前的部分被強調,如上述的第四句:Accustomed though we are to speaking of the films made before 1927 as “silent”,其中的accustomed按照正常語序應該放在are之後:Though we are accustomed to speaking of the films made before 1927 as “silent”。之所以將accustomed提前,是為了強調它

二是為了句子的平衡,否則將導致頭重腳輕的效果,如上述的第一句、第三句和第五句。以第五句為例,按照​​正常語序應該是:Fossils clearly intermediate, or transitional, between land mammals and cetaceans were missing until recently。但是這種句子結構比較糟糕,因為主語及其修飾語過長(從句首直到cetaceans),而謂語部分were missing until recently較短,容易造成頭重腳輕的效果。第五句將missing提前,避免了這一現象。

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1. Practice(練習)

發音有問題是難免的,因此很多人會害怕說錯而不開口。沒關係,多練習就好了,不要害羞。本來,鬱悶應該是一個過程,應該是你前進過程中一個必須經歷的過程。但是很多情況下,由於你不動手去解決,因此,他就變成了一個結果。

托福口語,跟口才是有相同性的。您想要一個好的口才,那麼就要通過不斷的練習來實現。但是,人一旦過了15歲,就特別害怕失敗。人一旦過了25歲,就大多不接受新知識。這都是阻礙你提升自己口語的攔路虎。渴望去丟臉!只有今天多丟臉,才有出分後的那張笑臉。

 

2. Slow down(慢下來)

很多初學者總是希望走一步到位的路線,但是實際上,什麼都是有一個循序漸進的過程。就像很多人在練繞口令的時候,也是從慢速逐漸加速的,而不是一次馬上就能有很快速度的,因此,剛剛開始的時候,控制自己的語速,盡量說的標準一些!

 

3. Listen to yourself(聽自己)

如果你不能聽出你自己的發音問題,就很難去改正它。其實現在很多口語材料都配備了相應的音頻,你應該把自己的聲音錄下來,然後跟相應的聲音進行比較,只有這樣一點一滴的去校對,錄音,修改,再錄音,這樣一個過程走過幾遍,你才會發現自己的聲音才會接近真正地道英語者的發音。

 

4. Copy the experts(模仿專家)

英語為母語的人士是最好的老師。所以,注意聽英語廣播或英語電影、電視節目,聽他們的發音,還要注意看他們的口形。不要看字幕,模仿你聽到的聲音,即使你不確定他們在說什麼。

 

5. Find a partner(找夥伴)

從別人那裡得到反饋是很重要的。有一個partner的話,你就會發現,哪怕你今天不想學,那麼你的partner也會督促你,因為,你如果今天放棄了,那麼對方也就失去了鍛煉自己口語的機會。而且,當你有一個夥伴的時候,你的伙伴會非常迅速的發現你自己的問題,同時也就能及時糾正!

 

6. Be poetic(充滿詩意)

大聲地念詩、演講,專注在字的重音和音調。因為,詩歌通常都是琅琅上口,有節奏感的,多多練習有助於提高英語水平。發音準了,語調對了,語感慢慢出來了,這對記憶單詞和托福口語練習都有好處。

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