目前分類:托福上課講義分享 (25)

瀏覽方式: 標題列表 簡短摘要

練習托福寫作,初期要多看高分範本,但不能只是單純地瀏覽過去,要邊看邊做筆記去分析、思考、吸收,將範本融會貫通;中後期就要開始靠自己寫出內容。
這邊分享一下同學的托福寫作高分範本(獨立寫作)讓大家參考:

 

*文章皆為時代國際安東尼老師的托福寫作學生於實際考試中獲得高分之作品,並非完美的範本,這點請各位注意

 

第一篇>>> The best way to reduce pollution is for the government to raise the cost of fuel (petro).

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第二篇>>> At universities and colleges, sports and social activities are just as important as classes and libraries and should receive equal financial support.

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第三篇>>> Why people attend college?
People attend college or university for many different reasons (for example, new experience, career preparation, increased knowledge). Why do you think people attend college or university? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

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第四篇>>> Are parents the best teachers?
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Parents are the best teachers. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

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資料來源>>>時代國際老師的托福講義
 

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修辭意圖題(Rhetorical purpose Questions)

 

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首先找到題幹中的Maxwell Mons on VenusHawaiian shield volcanoes on Earth,和題幹有關的是本段的第三第四句。注意到第三句中有比較明顯的比較意為,於是聯繫第三句中關鍵詞“gravity”和“weight”和“height”,就能找到正確答案A

 

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首先找到關鍵字Vasco da Gama's Voyage,然後就近回到邏輯上一層,定位為什麼會提到這個例子的論點句。即第五段第一句“ replacing ... Ocean- caravan-eastern Mediterranean route to Venice."正確選項為A  

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51. There are no immediate solutions for reversing the Asian financial crisis , but convincing affected nations to practice fiscal restraint will be highly beneficial .

沒有能立即扭轉亞洲金融危機的辦法,但是,它使受到影響的國家相信實行財政控制將大有益處。


52. Immediate solutions for solving problems surrounding poverty remain elusive . However ,public recognition of the necessity to provide a better quality of life for millions of people will represent the first step in finding effective solutions .

立即解決貧困問題的辦法仍然是難以捉摸的。然而,公眾認識到為數百萬人提供更高質量的生活的必要性​​是找到有效的解決辦法的第一步。


53. What dose the future hold if mankind persists in wasting natural resources ? While no one knows for sure , scientists do exhibit a degree of certainty when predicting that future generations will face a dramatically diffrernt world .

如果人類繼續浪費自然資源,未來將會有什麼貯藏?沒有人知道明確的答案,但是,科學家在預測後代將面對一個迥然不同的世界時確實有一定的把握。


54. Reversing undesirable social trends will be far from an easy task and will require a dramatic change in attitudes . A keen awareness of right from wrong is essential for determining appropriate social behavior .

扭轉不好的社會趨勢遠非一件易事,看法需要有巨大的變化。對正誤的深刻認識是判定得體的社會行為所必需的。


55.While the inclination to procrastinate is common , one must fully consider the detrimental impact of unnecessary delays .

雖然拖延的傾向是普遍的,但是人們應該充分考慮到不必要的延誤造成的有害影響。

 

57. We do , in fact , have a long way to go to reach our final goal , but achieving some remains well within the realm of possibility .

事實上,我們達到最終的目標還有很長的路要走,但是,取得一些成績還是可能做到的。


58. The time is right for us to take full advantage of ample existing opportunities .
這正是我們充分利用大量現有機會的時候。

 

59. While it remains to be seen whether or not environmental deterioration can be controlled , the current prospects are far from encouraging . People around the world must act immediately to prevent the situation from deteriorating even further .

環境惡化是否能得到控制這個問題仍然沒有答案,但目前的前景一點兒也不樂觀。全世界的人必須立即行動,防止情況進一步惡化。


60. The methodology suggested may not guarantee ultimate success , but the eventual pay-off could well be worth the effort . Achieving even partial success will benefit mankind and contribute to creating a better world .

提出的方法不一定保證最終的成功,但最後的結果非常值得付出努力。即使只獲得部分成功也會使人類受益,有利於創造一個更美好的世界。


61. Admittedly , ensuring sustainable development will require a certain level of sacrifice and arduous efforts on the part of all people . Nonetheless , the accrued returns will both strengthen the nation and ensure a better life for all Chinese citizens .

誠然,確保持續的發展需要人們做出一定程度的犧牲和辛勤努力。但是,積累的成果不僅能使國家更強大,而且能保證中國公民過上更美好的生活。


62. The rapid emergence of homes for senior citizens represents a sharp divergence from the traditional Chinese practice of maintaining the nuclear family at all costs .

老人療養院的迅速出現體現了與中國傳統的不惜一切代價維持核心家庭的做法的顯著分歧。


63. Participating in interactive experiences beneficial to all is something that no one should miss . The valuable lessons learned therefrom should not be arbitrarily dismissed , but should instead be treasured .

參加對所有人都有益的互動式體驗是任何一個人都不應該錯過的。從中獲得的寶貴經驗不應該任意拋棄,而應該倍加珍惜。


64. Abortion advocates may be correct in their assertion that the practice is a necessary tool of population control , but they seem to neglect the preciousness of human life in its earliest stages .

人工流產的提倡者認為它是控制人口的一種必要手段。他們也許是對的,但他們可能忽略了人的生命在最初階段的寶貴。


65. Some people assert that nothing is impossible . Such people should get a grip on reality and understand it's impossible to create another Universe . In more down-to-earth terms , it's impossible to know with any certainty whether you will live or die tomorrow .

一些人斷言沒有什麼事是不可能的。這些人應該把握現實,知道再造一個宇宙是不可能的。更現實的說法是不可能明確知道明天你會活著還是會死。


66. Two major factors contributed to devastating summer flooding along the Yangtze River and its tributaries . First , erosion resulting from excessive deforestation in the upper reaches of the river and , second ,heavy silting which raised the riverbed in the main channel .

兩個主要因素導致了夏季長江及其支流的特大洪水。第一,過度砍伐引起的河流上游的侵蝕,第二,嚴重的泥沙淤積抬高了主幹道的河床。


67. Greed and a total lack of social consciousness have been cited as major reasons for the dramatic rise corruption .

人們認為貪婪和社會意識的徹底缺乏是造成腐敗急劇增加的主要原因。


68. There are several reasons for the marked increase in China's crime rate—the dramatic influx of itinerant workers in urban areas ; declining social values​​ ; and widening disparities between the haves and have-nots .

中國的犯罪率顯著升高有很多原因——城區大量流動工人的湧入;社會價值的貶低以及貧富之間日益擴大的差距。


69. Why are an increasing number of elderly Chinese parents living apart from their children ? One reason is the increasing upward mobility of the younger generation . Another is expanding social opportunities for the elderly . Perhaps the main reason , however , centers on dramatic changes in traditional concepts .

為什麼越來越多的中國老人不和他們的孩子住在一起?原因之一是年輕一代的上進心增強了。另一個原因是社會上老人的機會增加了。然而,主要的原因可能是傳統觀念發生了巨大變化。


70. What has sparked the increasing interest in exercise ? For one thing , people have gained a greater awareness of the need for physical fitness . For another , the constantly improving standard of living enables Chinese people to patronize the increasing number of recreational venues . The main thing perhaps centers on the healthcare and psychological benefits exercise provides .

什麼引發了人們對鍛煉越來越濃的興趣?一方面,人們更加清楚地意識到保持身體健康的必要性。另一方面,不斷提高的生活水平使中國人能夠支付增加的娛樂支出。最主要的可能在於鍛煉帶來的保健和心理上的好處。


71. Identifying the reasons for an emerging phenomenon which involves several complicated factors is far from an easy task . For example , some scientists attribute environmental deterioration to a series of natural factors , while others place the blame solely on inappropriate human behavior .

要找到涉及許多複雜因素的新現象的原因遠非一件易事。例如,一些科學家把環境的惡化歸結為一些自然因素,而另一些人把責任都推在人類不適當的行為上。


72. One doesn't have to look far to realize the direct correlation between smoking and cancer .

人們不用花費很大力氣就能發現抽煙和癌症之間的直接聯繫。


73. The explanation for the phenomenon of the rising teenage suicide rate involves many complicated factors . Some attribute the rise to an overemphasis on early success , others point to mounting peer pressure , and still others to confusion over changing social values​​ .

對上升的少年自殺率的解釋涉及很多複雜的因素。有的人把上升的原因歸結為過分強調少年時期的成功,有的人指出是因為不斷增長的同伴之間的壓力,還有人認為是對不斷變化的社會價值的迷茫造成的。


74. The reasons for antisocial behavior are both complicated and varied . I suggest the
phenomenon results from inappropriate role models and the lack of well-defined norms of behavior . However , the main reason is quite likely the continuing degeneration of social values​​ .

反社會行為的原因既複雜又多樣。我認為這種現像是不恰當的角色典型和缺少行為規範的很好的定義造成的。然而,主要原因很可能是不斷貶低的社會價值。


75. The causes of racial hatred are not readily definable . Sociologists , however , attribute them to the misguided concept of a superior race and an innate mistrust of people of color . Perhaps the main cause is quite simply ignorance .

種族仇恨的起因沒有現成的答案。然而,社會學家把原因歸結為被誤導的更高貴的種族的念以及天生的對有色人種的不信任。主要原因可能僅僅是因為無知。


76. The scourge of HIV/AIDS currently engulfing the world will quite likely be brought under control within the next few years thanks to the untiring efforts of scientists and researchers worldwide .

現在席捲世界的艾滋病的禍害很有可能由於全世界科學家和研究人員的不懈努力在未來幾年內得到控制。


77. The incidence rate of cancer mainly stems from several factors , including inappropriate diets , poor healthcare practices and the lack of early detection . Continuing medical advances and rising awareness do , however , offer promising hope for the future .

癌症的發病率主要由以下諸多因素引起,包括不適當的飲食、不好的保健習慣以及沒有及早發現。然而,醫學的不斷進步和對此不斷增強的關注給未來帶來了很大的希望。


78. Increased urban pollution levels and the mounting death toll from motor vehicles accidents can mainly be attributed to the glut of automobiles appearing on city roads in recent years . Detrimental factors will quite likely outweigh the benefits of rising automobile usage .

城市人口的增長和車禍中死亡率的增加主要是由於近年內充斥城市道路的汽車。汽車使用量的增加帶來的有害因素很有可能超過它的好處。


79. The rising divorce rate in China can , at least in part , be attributed to spousal incompatibility , disparities in education levels , changing social attitudes and the increasing upward mobility of the younger generation .

中國上升的離婚率可以,至少部分可以歸結為婚姻的不和諧,受教育水平的差異,變化的社會看法以及年輕一代不斷增強的上進心。


80. State-owned enterprises are not only failing because of inefficient management , but also because of their inability to awitch operational modes from the former planned economy to the new market economy .

國有企業失敗不僅由於低效的管理,也因為他們不能實現從以前的計劃經濟到新的市場經濟的運作模式的轉換。


81. Although we do not know the long-term consequences of separation or deprivati​​on , we do know that they can produce acute immediate distress .

雖然我們不知道分離和喪失親人的長期後果,但我們知道它們能立即引起劇烈的悲痛。


82. One can raedily trace the disappearance of dinosaurs to a major cataclysmic event .

人們很容易把恐龍消失的原因歸結為重大的災難性事件。


83. The raesons for poverty are many , but for the most part center on illiteracy , the lack of opportunities and in some cases pure laziness .

貧困的原因很多,但主要是因為缺少教育、缺少機會,有的情況下純粹是由於懶惰。


84. Child development depends on a number of factors , both physical and psychological . Correct parental nurturing from infancy through adolescence determines both the physical and mental profile of a mature individual .

兒童的發展取決於很多因素,包括生理的和心理的。從嬰儿期到青春期的正確的家長教育決定一個成熟的個人的體質及智力的狀況。


85. Factors such as self-condidence and ambition , combined with determination and willpower , contribute to eventual success or failure .

自信、雄心,加上決心和毅力等因素是造成最終的成功或失敗的原因。

 

86. Few scientific and technological achievements equal the success of landing men on the moon .

幾乎沒有科技成就能與人類成功登陸月球同日而語。

 

87. One of the most common failures of people today is to avoid telling the truth . People must realize that avoidance and lying have never in the past and , in fact , never will right a wrong .

如今人類最常見的一個不足是不說真話。人們必須意識到不說真話、說謊話在過去沒有,事實上,將來也永遠不會變錯誤為正確。


88. Central planning has , at least in part , been blamed for the current demise of state-owned enterprises . Perhaps , however , the greatest blame should be placed on factors such as grossly inefficient management ; the rampant practice of " guanxi " , cronyism and nepotism ; excessively large work forces ; abuses of social benefits ; and without a doubt corruption .

人們認為中央計劃至少是現在國有企業失敗的部分原因。然而,最主要的原因可能是極低效的管理、關係的普遍運用、任用親信和裙帶關係、大量過剩的勞動力、社會救濟金的濫用,當然還包括腐敗。


89. A recent survey revealed large disparities in the income levels of male and female workers holding the same position . The determining factor should be qualifications , rather than gender , when determining both the salary and position of an individual .
最近的一項調查表明在同樣職位上的男性與女性工人的收入水平存在差異。在決定工人工資和職位的時候,決定因素應該是資格,而不是性別。


90. Social finesse , willingness to relocate and language capacity are also determinant factora in assessing job qualifications .

社交手腕、願意調動以及語言能力也是評估工作資格的決定性因素。


91. It will have a direct bearing on the matter under discussion .

這將和正在討論的問題有直接關係。


92. Rap​​id economic growth may lead to an overextension of resources and lead to an eventual catastrophic meltdown .

經濟迅速增長可能導致過度使用資源,並引起最終巨大的災難。


93. Some lay the blame for falling exports squarely on financial turmoil sweeping many Asian countries . The fact of the matter is , however , that proportionate blame should be assigned to the lackadaisical approach to developing new markets , failure to improve product quality and government inaction in the realm of support .

有的人乾脆認為造成出口下降的原因是橫掃亞洲許多國家的金融危機。然而,事實是一部分原因應歸結為開拓新市場的不得力的方法、改進產品質量的失敗以及政府沒有表示支持的行動。


94. We often ignore the real problem and instead search for a needle in a haystack . Solvingproblems of any kind requires one to adopt a direct approach which addresses all relevant issues .

我們經常忽略實際問題,而是大海撈針。解決任何類型的問題都需要一個人採取直接的辦法處理所有相關事情。


95. Claiming a lack of opportunities is nothing more than a superficial excuse for justifying failure . The fundamental reason for failure is most often the lack of drive on the part of the individual involved .

聲稱缺少機會不過是敷衍失敗的藉口。通常,失敗最根本的原因是相關的個人本身缺乏動力。


96. We can , and quite often do , blame our contemporaries for personal failures , but the fact of the matter is that the root causes for most problems go much deeper .

我們可以,而且經常因個人的失敗抱怨我們的同時代人,但是,事實是許多問題的根本原因要深刻得多。


97. The rapidly emerging sexual revolution has been accompanied by many disturbing trends . Perhaps the most serious consequences center on the rapid spread of sexually transmitted diseases ( STDs ) , rising prostitution and the rise in AIDS cases .

伴隨著迅速出現的性革命有很多令人煩惱的趨勢。最嚴重的後果可能是性傳染病的迅速蔓延、賣淫現象及艾滋病患者的增多。


98. The deep impact of opening to the outside world is readily discernible in a number of areas : the adoption of many Western habits , both good and bad ; changing social and moral values​​ ; the trend towards individualism ; and the introduction of state-of -the-art concepts and technology . The key to adopting Western way centers on accepting the good and rejecting the bad .

對外開放的深刻影響在許多方面都能看到:模仿西方的習慣,包括好的和壞的;改變社會和道德價值觀;個人主義的趨勢;引進已發展的概念和技術。採取西方方式的關鍵在於取其精華,去其糟粕。


99. The arrival of the so-called " Information Age " will undoubtedly have a profound influence on our lives . The task at hand center on using the technology for beneficial purposes , while at the same time preventing intrusions of privacy and use of the electronic highway for deceitful purposes .

所謂“信息時代”的來臨無疑將深刻地影響我們的生活。手頭的任務主要是利用技術達到有意的目的,同時,防止侵犯隱私或者出於欺騙的目的利用電子高速路。


100. Effluent discharges of industrial wastewater and raw sewage into rivers , lakes and inshore coastal areas have not only adversely affected marine life and aquatic resources , but have also jeopardized one of the major necessities for sustaining life—Potable Water .

工業廢水和原污水排放入河流、湖泊和近海岸區域不僅給海洋生物和水生資源帶來了負面影響,而且也破壞了維持生命的主要必需品之一——飲用水。

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1.When asked about the ongoing uproar involving US President Bill Clinton , most people say the affair involves a purely private matter . But many other people regard his actions as deplorable . I personally think the president committed impeachable offences .

當被問及對現在有關美國總統比爾•克林頓的沸沸揚揚的議論有什麼看法時,大多數人認為這種曖昧關係純屬私事。但是,還有很多人認為他的行為應當受到譴責。我個人認為總統犯了這些過錯,應該被指控。


2. When it comes to the increasing use of motor vehicles in Beijing , some people think that use should be limited . Others argue that the opposite is true . There is probably some truth to both arguments,but emission controls must be instituted regardless of the number of vehicles.

涉及北京機動車使用量增加這一問題,有的人認為應該限制使用。另一些人持相反意見。也許雙方的觀點都有一定道理,但是,無論車輛多少,必須對廢氣排放實行控制。


3. There is a general debate nowadays about the problem of itinerant workers . Those who object to the rising migrant population argue that increasing numbers lead to rising crime rates and harm social stability . They believe that strict limits should be placed on migrants entering China ' s cities . But people who favor the influx of the cheap labor force , on the other hand , maintain that migrants are needed to support the massive urban infrastructure construction program .

目前,針對流動工人的問題展開了普遍的爭論。反對流動工人增加的人認為這會導致犯罪率升高,從而危害社會穩定。他們主張應該嚴格限制進入中國城市的流動工人。但是,另一方面,支持廉價勞動力流入的人主張,為了支持大規模的城市基礎設施建設規劃,流動人口是必需的。


4. It is widely acknowledged that extensive deforestation contributed to heavy summer flooding .
Experts argue that China must introduce a massive afforestation program . But I doubt whether afforestation alone will solve the problem .

人們普遍認為過度砍伐造成了夏季特大洪水。專家認為中國必須推行大規模的植樹造林計劃。但我對僅僅植樹造林就能解決問題表示懷疑。

 

5. Most people are of the opinion that wealth provides solutions to all problems . But in spite of the material benefits wealth provides , I believe one should abandon the pursuit of materialism and instead concentrate on the pursuit of happiness .

大多數人認為財富為所有問題提供解決的辦法。但是,我認為,儘管財富提供物質上的利益,一個人應該放棄物質至上的追求,而是集中精力追求幸福。


6. Many people believe that capital punishment deters crime . But although criminologists have conducted exhaustive research regarding the subject , little evidence exists to support the claim .

很多人相信極刑能阻止犯罪。但是,雖然刑事學家就這一課題做了詳盡的研究,幾乎沒有證據能支持這種說法。


7. An increasing number of people are joining the " Information Age " via the Internet . In reaction to the phenomenon , some say the Internet has removed barrters and provided people with immediate access to the world . But do they raelize that rapidly advancing information technology can also lead to intrusions of privacy ?

越來越多的人通過互聯網進入了“信息時代”。針對這一現象,一些人認為互聯網消除了障礙,為人們提供了與世界即時鏈接的途徑。但是,他們有沒有意識到迅速發展的信息技術也能導致侵犯隱私?


8. The use of guanxi is a widespread method for conducting business , but is it a wise one ? The method is now being challenged by more and more people .

利用關係是做生意的普遍做法,但這種做法明智嗎?現在,越來越多的人對這種方法提出了質疑。


9. These days we often hear about the widening gap between the rich and poor . Some argue the developed world has totally ignored the problem . But has it ? Close examination fails to bear out the argument .

最近,我們經常聽到貧富差距擴大了的說法。一些人認為發達世界完全忽略了這個問題。事實是這樣嗎?細緻的調查無法證實這一觀點。

 

10. We ' re often told that the world is tethering on the brink of destruction . But is this really the case ?

我們經常被告知世界處於毀滅的邊緣。但事實真是這樣嗎?


11. One of the pressing problema facing our nation today is overcoming disparities in urban and rural income levels .

我們國家如今面臨的緊迫問題之一是克服城鄉收入水平之間的差距。


12. One of the most serious problems many people talk about centers on the lack of adequate housing space .

許多人談論的一個最嚴重的問題集中在缺乏足夠的居住空間。

 

13. Perhaps the most dangerous phenomenon gripping the nation today is official corruption , which is pervasive in all levels of government .

也許當今困擾國家的最危險的現像是遍布各級政府的官員腐敗。


14. Inflation is yet another new and bitter truth we must learn to face .

通貨膨脹又是一個我們必須學會面對的痛苦的新情況。


15. The rapid expansion of urban areas has in many cases encroached on valuable cultivatable land , and led to a general recognition that development must not be carried at the cost of agriculture . The government has attached greater importance to the problem and an increasing number of redundant projects are being terminated .

城區的迅速擴大在很多情況下侵占了寶貴的可耕地,使人們普遍認識到發展不能以犧牲農業為代價。政府更加重視這個問題,越來越多的不必要的工程被終止。


16. There is a growing worldwide awareness of the need for strengthened environmental protection .

世界上越來越多的人認識到加強環境保護的必要性。


17. There has been a dramatic increase in the spread of HIV/AIDS in recent years , with a new study projecting that the dreaded disease will affect over 30 million people worldwide by the year 2005 .

近年來,艾滋病蔓延的幅度進一步擴大,一項新的研究預測,到2005 年,世界上有超過三千萬人將感染這一可怕的疾病。


18. Working with the disabled cannot help but leave one impressed with their indefatigable desire .

與殘疾人一起工作使一個人不得不對他們堅持不懈的渴望印象深刻。


19. Perhaps no issues are more controversial than euthanasia and abortion , both of which involve taking the life of a human being .

也許沒有問題比安樂死和人工流產更有爭議性,它們都涉及結束一個人的生命。


20. Never before in history has the issue of overpopulation been more evident than now .

歷史上,人口過剩的問題從來沒有比現在更加突出。


21. Perhaps it is time to reexamine the idea that college degrees are a guarantee of intelligence .

也許現在是應該重新考慮大學為是智力的保證這種想法的時候了。


22. A growing number of people are beginning to realize that wealth is not the sole prerequisite for happiness .

越來越多的人開始意識到財富不是幸福的惟一先決條件。


23. In spite of the extraordinary progress made in science and technology , problems remain in terms of guaranteeing that achievements benefit the greatest number of people .

儘管科學技術取得了非凡的進步,但是在保證進步成果使盡可能多的人受益這方面還存在一些問題。


24. A famous thinker once wrote that " the greatest threat to mankind is mankind itself ! " If this is indeed the case , then the current situation should make us ponder our futuer existence .

一位著名的思想家曾經寫道:“對人類最大的威脅是人類自身!”如果事實確實如此,那麼,現狀應該促使我們對我們未來的生存進行思索了。


25. US President Harry Truman once remarked : " The buck stops here ! " His view has been confirmed by numerous world leaders who have assumed full responsibility for their actions .

美國總統杜魯門曾經說過:“責任止於此!”(意為勿再把責任往別處推,這是杜魯門辦公室桌上的座右銘)他的觀點得到了很多對自己的行動承擔完全責任的世界領袖的肯定。


26. Large families were once seen as a blessing . Today , however , things are changing and an increasing number of Chinese parents realize that fewer is better .

大家庭曾經被看做是一種福氣。然而,今天,情況改變了,越來越多的中國家長意識到家庭成員越少越好。


27. People used to place total reliance on the government . The so-called " iron rice bowl " prevailed in the past , but things are quite different today .

過去,人們習慣完全依靠政府。以前盛行所謂的“鐵飯碗”,但今天的情況有很大的不同。

 

28. We owe a debt of gratitude to the many individuals who dedicated their lives to making the world a better place . However , we must not rest on their accomplishments , but must instead work assiduously to record even greater achievements .

我們應該感謝許多為把世界變得更美好而奉獻一生的人。然而,我們不能依靠他們的成績,而必須努力工作,取得更輝煌的成就。

 

29. Years of observing human behavior has enabled me to conclude that the major difference

between mediocrity and success lies solely with the individual concerned . Successful individuals consistently seek advancement , while their less industrious contemporaries are merely content
with the status quo .

對人們行為的多年觀察使我能夠得出這樣的結論:平庸和成功的主要區別僅僅在於相關的個人。成功的個人不斷尋求進步,而他們比較懶惰的同時代人僅僅滿足於現狀。


30. Traditional way of thinking have changed dramatically . The pendulum has swung and people are exhibiting greater open-mindedness and a burning desire to detemine their own destiny .

傳統的思維方式有了顯著的變化。輿論發生了劇變,人們表現出更開放的思想以及決定他們自己命運的強烈願望。


31. There has been undesirable trend in recent years towards the worship of money . A recent survey showed that X percent of respondents ranked getting rich as their top priority , compared to X percent only a few years ago . Why do people fail to realize that wealth does not necessarily bring happiness ?

近年來出現了對社會有害的拜金主義傾向。最近的一項調查表明,X%的調查對象把致富作為他們的首選,相比之下,就在幾年前,只有X%的人這樣想。為什麼人們沒能意識到財富不一定帶來幸福呢?


32. Some months ago , a friend of mine was killed in a tragic automobile accident involving a drunk driver . The incident was far from rare , and was in fact typical of thousands of cases involving people dricing under the influence of alcohol .

幾個月前,我的一個朋友死於一場與酒後駕車有關的悲慘車禍。這件事情一點兒也不罕見,事實上是數以千計的案件的典型,這些案件與在酒精作用下開車的人有關。


33. I recently read a newspaper article on the rampant spread of child abuse . The deplorable problem of the widespread abuse of innocent children has aroused public concern nationwide .

最近,我在報紙上讀到一篇關於虐待兒童現像變得猖獗的文章。普遍虐待無辜兒童的問題令人深感遺憾,它已經引起了全國公眾的關注。


34. Should parents spare the rod and spoil the child ? Opinions concerning strict parental discipline vary widely . Some view strict discipline as nothing more than a form of abuse , while others argue it is an essential factor for instilling appropriate social behavior .

家長應不應該閒了棍子、慣了孩子?針對嚴厲的家教的看法大相徑庭。有的人就是把嚴厲的管教看成一種虐待,而另外的人認為這是逐漸灌輸得體的社會行為的要素。


35. What do you think of the increasing openness accompanying the ongoing sexual revolution ?
Do you ever fantasize ? Answers to these questions should be based on a determination between
appropriate and inappropriate behavior .

你如何看待對現在的性革命越來越開放的態度?你曾經想像過嗎?回答這些問題之前應先界定得體和不得體的行為。


36. Why do some governments persist in spending billions of dollars on space exploration when starvation and poverty continue to grip many countries throughout the world ? This particular question is being raised by an ever increasing number of people .

既然世界上許多國家仍被飢餓和貧困所困擾,為什麼有的政府還堅持花費數十億美元用於太空探索?現在越來越多的人提出這個問題。


37. Judging from the reams of evidence presented , we can safely conclude that the Three Gorges Project will change the lives of an untold number of people forever .

根據現有的大量證據,我們可以有把握地得出這樣的結論:三峽工程將永遠改變無數人的生活。


38. The ample evidence presented enables us to reasonably conclude that the scourge of AIDS will be brought under control in the foreseeable future .

提出的充分證據使我們能夠合理地得出這樣的結論:艾滋病的禍害在可預見的將來就能得到控制。


39. We must seek immediate solutions for problems leading to the rapid depletion of the earth's ozone layer . If allowed to proceed unchecked , the problem will undoubtedly exacerbate global warming and threaten life as we know it today .

我們必須尋求立即解決引起地球臭氧層快速損耗的問題的辦法。如果任其自由發展,這一問題無疑會加劇全球升溫,並且正如今天我們所知道的那樣危及生命。


40. Quite obviously , immediate action is needed to extricate 80 million Chinese people from the grips of poverty in order to remove the danger of social unrest and ensure continuing stability .

很明顯,需要立即採取行動使八千萬中國人擺脫貧困,從而消除社會動蕩的危險,確保持續的穩定。


41. Taiwan needs to reexamine the results of political and social modernization in order to ascertain the benefits and indeed the detrimental aspects from a new perspective . Otherwise , various perceived accomplishments might in fact prove to be far from beneficial .

台灣需要重新檢查政治和社會現代化帶來的結果以便從新的角度明確它們的好處,甚至是有害的方面。否則,許多我們以為取得的成就實際上可能完全不會帶來好處。


42. It is essential to heed warnings of potentially catastrophic consequences associated with the Year 2000 computer bug and , in turn , to attach top priority to finding effective solutions to ensure a smooth transition into the new century .

我們必須注意有關計算機千年蟲可能帶來的災難性結果的警告,並且相應地優先考慮尋找有效的解決辦法以確保順利過渡到新世紀。


43. It is high time we put an end to the deplorable practice of infanticide.

我們早該杜絕殺嬰這種應遭譴責的做法。


44. There is little doubt that immediate action is required to eliminate the scourge of corruption once and forever .

毫無疑問,必須立即採取行動徹底消除腐敗的禍害。


45. In short , we must work diligently to make the world a better place for coming generations . We must not persist in pursuits harmful to the environment .

簡而言之,我們必須勤奮工作,為了下一代把世界變成更美好的地方。我們不應該堅持對環境有害的追求。


46.​​ We must avoid overindulgence and conspicuous consumption . We must instead continue to recognize the benefits of thrift in order to protect our newfound prosperity .

我們必須避免過分放縱和鋪張浪費。相反,我們應該繼續發揚節儉的優點以守護我們新獲得的繁榮。


47. It is absolutely essential to reverse the irrational misuse of nonrenewable resources . For example , fuel-efficient motor vehicles must be developed to reduce oil consumption and alternative energy sources must be found to replace coal .

徹底改變對不可再生資源的非理性濫用是絕對有必要的。例如,必須開發節能的機動車減少汽油的消耗量,並且必須找到可替代能源取代煤。


48. While achieving success is easier said than done , persistence does in fact pay off . One of the most important traits of a successful person is self-confidence , another is desire , and still another is determination .

獲得成功說起來比做起來容易,然而堅持不懈確實會有好結果。成功人士的最重要的特徵之一是自信,第二是渴望​​,還有一個是決心。


49. Recognizing a problem is the first step in finding a solution .

認識到問題是找到解決辦法的第一步。


50. Many of the explanations offered thus far are at least to a certain extent valid , but none fully address the problem and the issue must be examined in a wider context .

目前提供的許多解釋至少在一定程度上是正確的,但是,沒有一個解釋能完全處理問題,這件事情必須放在更廣闊的背景中考慮。

 

(未完待續...)

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The author of the reading passage proposes three theories as likely explanations of the primary function of Chaco Canyon houses, grant structures built in the I2th century. The lecturer, however, points to the inaccuracies in each of these theories.

 

The lecturer argues that the modest number of fireplaces in these structures is in contradiction with the huge size of these houses, indicating that these structures could not have been used for Residential purposes. The Reading, however, draws comparisons between the Chaco houses and other similar large Residential structures in support of the "Residential" theory.

 

The second theory, that the houses were used for food storage, is also rejected by the lecturer. He explains that a place that had been used for storing maize would have many traces of scattered Maize, which is not the case in the area of the Chaco Canyon houses. This proves that the "food storage theory" is unlikely.

 

Finally, regarding the third theory, the "ceremony theory'', the lecturer contends that the presence op broken pots close to the great houses does not offer sufficient proof that this was a place for ceremonial activities. He argues that there are other materials such as pieces of construction trash found along with the broken pots, which suggest that these pots were probably not used for ceremonial purposes but instead were discarded by construction workers upon completion of the great houses.

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The professor actually contradicts the statements made in the passage. She is of the view that dinosaurs are not endotherms i.e. they were not able to keep their body temperature at a constant rate.

 

The professor contradicts the issue of dinosaurs being endotherms based on the availability of fossils being available in the polar regions, she say that the polar regions in those days were not as cold as they are today i.e at least warm enough for dinosaurs to live. During harsh winters she says that there is a possibility of the dinosaurs actually migrating to warmer regions.

 

The issue of leg position and movement being used as a reason to classify the dinosaurs as endotherms does not please the professor either. She says that dinosaurs had legs under their bodies to support their huge bodies i.e the legs under the body of the dinosaur were actually to support the huge weight of the dinosaur and not to provide it with a body structure like endotherms(which is actually suited for running).

 

The professor acknowledges the presence of haversian canals but also points out that that the fossils show the presence of growth rings. These rings occur due to the thickening of the bone. The thickening indicates that the dinosaurs weren’t actually growing continuously but were experiencing periods of rapid growth and periods of no growth in succession. This pattern. she says is characteristic of non endothermic animals.

 

Thus it can be inferred that the professor challenges the passage by giving reasons as to why she thinks that the dinosaur is not an endotherm.

 

Description of Response:

 

Despite initial appearances, this response largely succeeds in clearly and accurately presenting how the lecture points take issue with the points in the reading passage that dinosaurs were  endotherms. The first point regarding dinosaurs in polar regions could be a bit clearer. Otherwise, the response mainly suffers from typographical errors, but these are not regarded as major problems; it is obvious that the writer has good control of structure and vocabulary and the ability to use these to convey in an organized and logical manner what has been understood and asked.

 

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The lecture revises the idea presented in the text, that Rembrandt was not the artist who painted the famous painting "Portrait of an Elderly Woman in a White Bonnet”.

The inconsistency between the white cap, which identifies the woman as a servant, and the expensive fur collar she wears dissolves as the Professor explains that the fur collar was apparently painted over the original painting to increase its worth by displaying an aristocratic woman.

 

In addition, the assumption that light and shadow in the painting do not fit together is refuted by the fact that in the original painting, the woman wears a light cloth that illuminated her face. Thus the presentation of light and shadow was indeed very realistic and accurate, as it is characteristic of Rembrandt’s paintings.

 

Finally, the mystery of the panel consisting of patches glued together is also solved in the lecture. Actually, the wood panel was later enlarged to make it more grand and valuable, but the original painting was painted on a single panel, as Rembrandt would have done it. Furthermore, the wood is of the same tree used in other Rembrandt paintings, like the "Self-Portrait with a Hat”.

 

All this information points to Rembrandt as the painter of the controversial painting.

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The lecturer talks about research conducted by a firm that used the group system to handle their work. He says that the theory stated in the passage was very different and somewhat inaccurate when compared to what happened in reality.

 

First, some members got free rides. That is, some didn’t work hard but got recognition for the success nontheless. This also indicates that people who worked hard were not given recognition they should have gotten. In other words, they weren’t given the opportunity to “shine”. This directly contradicts what the passage indicates.

 

Second, groups were slow in progress. The passage says that groups are more responsive than individuals because of the number of people involved and their aggregated resources. However, the speaker talks about how the firm found out that groups were slower than individuals in decision making. Groups needed more time for meetings, which are necessary procedures in decision making. This was another place where experience contradicted theory.

 

Third, influential people might emerge and lead the group towards glory or failure. If the influent people are going in the right direction there would be no problem. But in cases where they go in the wrong direction, there is nobody that has enough influence to counter the decision made. In other words, the group might turn into a dictatorship, with the influential party as the leader, and might become less flexible in its thinking. They might become one-sided, and thus fail to succeed.

 

Rating annotation

 

Once you can read past what seem to be the results of poor typing, this Benchmark 5 does an excellent job of presenting the points about the contribution and recognition of group members as well as about speed of group decisions. The final paragraph contains one noticeable error (“influent”), which is then used correctly two sentences later (“influential”). Overall, this is a successful response and scored within (though perhaps not at the top of) the 5 level.

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對於most來講,除了構成某些詞最高級外,most的用法有幾點需要注意,經常成為改錯題的考點:

 

1.當most表示大多數時,之前不加the, 並且有兩種形式來表示大多數,分別為:

most + 名詞,如:most people, most Indian tribes;

most + of + 限定詞+ 名詞或代詞,如:most of his paintings,most of us, most of the modern artists

 

2. most有時意思等同於very, 此時most之前用不定冠詞,如:

a most lovely girl, a most impressive proposal

例題:

(1) The most substances expand in volume when they are heated.

應改為:Most

解釋:most只有在表示形容詞最高級作定語時需加定冠詞,此句表示“大多數”,沒必要加the.

(2) The most often flour is made from wheat, but it may also be made from the seeds of other cereal plants.

應改為:most.

解釋:the most 一般出現在最高級中, 此句most often為固定說法,意為經常

詞彙:cereal: 穀類的

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形容詞最主要的功能就是修飾名詞,如:modern art, electric current, great responsibility;這一考點在TOEFL改錯題佔有相當的比例,幾乎每套題都包含一道以上的題目考形容詞修飾名詞,主要形式是將本應該使用形容詞的位置誤用為名詞、副詞等

例題:

(1) The human body relies on certainty nutrients for its survival.

應改為:certain.

解釋:certainty是名詞, 意為確定性, 不能修飾名詞, 改為形容詞certain, 表示某些

(2) Textile art is known for both its tactile and vision qualities.

應改為:visual.

解釋:vision是名詞, 不能修飾名詞qualities, 要用它的形容詞

注意1:大多數形容詞既可以做定語也可以做表語, 有少數形容詞一般情況下只能做表語, 比較下面兩句話:

The man was awake.

There was an awake man. (此句錯誤, awake不能做定語)

這類形容詞包括: alone, afraid, alike, alert, aware, alive, ashamed, content, unable

例題:

(1) Many television newscasters make the public an eyewitness to the news by means of on-the-spot, alive reports.

應改為:live (adj. 現場的, 實況轉播的)

解釋:alive不能做定語, 只能做表語,所以應該改為live reports (現場報導)

(2) Alike ethnographers, ethnohistorians make systematic observations, but they also gather data from documentary and oral sources.

應改為:like

解釋:alike不能做定語, 只能做表語; alike/like 是TOEFL改錯中常考的考點

注意2:形容詞詞組修飾名詞時要發生後置現象, 避免產生頭重腳輕的感覺.

如:a room bare of furniture, the form dependent of the contents等,

注意3:形容詞修飾名詞的語序也是TOEFL考點之一。當多個形容詞(甚至包括指示代詞, 冠詞和所有格)並列放置於名詞之前時, 它們之間就存在著誰排在前面, 誰排在後面的問題,

一般來說:這個排序的規則是:

冠詞(a, an, the)/所有格(my, your等)/指示代詞(this, that等) + 數量形容詞+ 描述性形容詞+ 名詞

如: two young American students

my three red pencils

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定冠詞限定名詞時主要表示特指,針對TOEFL應注意以下幾點:

 

(1) the和可數名詞單數連用,表示一類人或物,如:

the fern(蕨類), the wallflower

 

(2) 序數詞之前必須用the,如:

the first woman, the nineteenth century

前面有物主代詞時除外,如my first baby

 

(3) 形容詞最高級之前必須用the(有物主代詞時除外),如:

the largest city, the most advanced technology

 

(4) of連接的名詞前多用the, 如:

the development of the watch,

 

(5) 世界上獨一無二的東西前應加the, 如:

the globe(地球),the equator(赤道), the moon, the sun

在下列情況下,一般不用the

a. 表示人名、地名、國家名等專有名詞前, 一般不加,如:

Dennis Chavez(人名),Alaska(地名),English(英語), February(二月), America(美國)

但是在表示海洋、海峽、江、河、山脈、群島等專有名詞時加上the

the Great Lakes(美國五大湖), the Changjiang River(長江)

b.無特指的不可數名詞前,如:

algebra(代數學), advertising, accounting(會計學) www.ExamW.CoM

c.表示類別的複數名詞前,如:

Historians believe that…, Amphibians(兩棲動物) hatch from…

d.一些固定詞組中,如:

in history, in nature, at work, at home , go to school, go to bed, in bed

乘車的詞組:

by train(乘火車), by car (乘汽車), by bicycle(騎腳踏車), by bus (乘公共汽車),

by land(由陸路), by sea (由海路), by water (由水路) , by air (通過航空)

on foot (步行), by plane(乘飛機), by ship (乘船),

打球的詞組:

play tennis, play baseball, play basketball

注意:表示職位的詞之前的冠詞有無均可, 如:He was elected (the) chairman of the committee.

例題:

(1 ) Historically, ---- chief material for making furniture has been wood, but metal and stone have also been used.

(A) it was the

(B) that the

(C) there was a

(D) the

答案:D

解釋:空格後是主謂句,A、C可先排除,B使原句只有從句沒有主句,只剩下D可選,D是定冠詞作名詞material的限定詞,表特指

 

The Yukon River, which flows into the Bering Sea, gives its name to a region of Alaska and a territory of the Canada.

應改為:of

解釋:Canada是國名,屬專用名詞,之前不能加定冠詞

 

(3) The development of professional sports in the United States dates back tonineteenth century.

應改為:to the nineteenth

解釋:nineteenth是序數詞,之前應加the

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分類填表題

 

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解析: the role of選項出現在第一段末,意思相反,此時指的是睡眠狀態,取反之後, 應該放在清醒狀態這欄裡。
         carbon dioxide選項出現在第五段,和原文意思一致,放在睡眠狀態這欄裡。
         the coughing選項原文沒有complex這層意思,排除。
         a great deal of原文第四段第二句話,用兩倍的力量去呼吸,放在睡眠狀態這欄裡。
         Upper airways選項屬於原文沒有提到的內容,無中生有,排除。
         There is a drop選項與最後一段內容相符,放在睡眠狀態這欄裡。
         Automatic and voluntary在第二段提到,放在清醒狀態這欄裡。

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全文概要題剖析

 

225128h7xq8i84kkf4hni9  

1.A選項。選項中Plate motion與文章第二段第一句矛盾,直接排除;
None of these volcanoes was formed as a result of collisions between plates of the Martian crust-there is no plate motion on Mars.
       2.D選項。根據文章第五段第二句,科學家能夠估計火山的年齡,與選項中Cannot yet reliably estimate the age矛盾,排除;
Age estimates ranging from four billion years for Mars's southern highlands to a few hundred million years in the youngest volcanic areas were obtained in this way.
       3.E選項。選項中中的...Similar to condition just below the surface of the Moon, 與第六段四五句矛盾,直接刪除。 The ejecta surrounding the lunar crater is just what one would expect from an explosion ejecting a large volume of dust, soil, and boulders. However, the ejecta on Mars gives the distinct impression of a liquid that has splashed or flowed out of crater.

 

225128h7xq8i84kkf4hni9  

1.A選項。整句話的論述與全文無關;
2.C選項。 kept special privileges 與文中表述的逐漸落寞相反,排除;
3.D選項。 ordinary people 是否付得起這層意思沒有原文依據,屬於無中生有。

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插入句子題

 

空都在一段中

225128h7xq8i84kkf4hni9

過渡點:chemical changes and a thicker exterior; overcome the conditions. 冠詞the特指condition, 則前面句子中需要涉及到difficult condition. 因此只能在C,D中選。而另一關鍵詞chemical changes and a thicker exterior則說明前面句子中應有ancient algae的改變, 綜合這兩點,只能選擇D.  

 

空在两段中

225128h7xq8i84kkf4hni9  

過渡點either case,這說明這句話之前應該有兩個並列的case。而只有第二個插入口前一句“The water is usually naturally occurring groundwater that seeps down along fractures in the rock; less typically , the water is artificially introduced by being pumped down from the surface.”這句話正好講到兩種類型的水,把句子插入之後,也邏輯合理,所以答案是第二個空。

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句子簡化題

 

225128h7xq8i84kkf4hni9  

原句重點在a land of opportunity = free of competitors and predators, also full of carbon dioxide and sunlight. 只要選項中沒有漏掉這些重點詞,就是正確選項。故選項為A
 B選項遺漏了competitors and predators, C選項遺漏了光合作用,D選項毫無事實依據,邏輯混亂。

 

225128h7xq8i84kkf4hni9  

原句重點即復雜的原因導致Abu Hureyra和很多其他地方開始採用新的經濟形式。山羊的的趾骨存在因為栓綁產生的磨損,這證明了存在早期的放牧。
A選項符合原意,而且including比較嚴密地說明還可能存在其他類型的新經濟形式。 B選項的比較關係並不存在,排除。 C選項新的畜牧方式和新經濟形式應該是並列關係,不存在一個促進另一個的關係。 D選項theories無中生有,排除。

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指代題

 

225128h7xq8i84kkf4hni9

首先在原文中找到“this remarkable change”。根據代詞this的就近原則,可以確定指代項是前一句中提到的人口增長。此句意為:得益於鄉村生活和農業,兩千年裡該地區的人口成萬地增長。  

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推理題

 

225128h7xq8i84kkf4hni9  

首先找到關鍵詞1815,這是我們前面介紹的三種常見推理思路中的“時間式”邏輯。原文意為,“1815年之後,交通改善使更多西部農民逃離一種自給自足的生活方式,並且進入了一個國家市場經濟。”1815年之後進入了國家市場經濟,這說明之前還沒有沒有進入。

 

225128h7xq8i84kkf4hni9  

這題屬於取非式邏輯,但是關鍵詞不明顯,是段首的another。第一句意為:“另一種石化類型叫做碳化,碳化發生時,軟體組織會以薄碳片的形式被保存下來。”定義中明確了此過程發生在軟體組織中,所以不會發生在硬殼生物中。

 

225128h7xq8i84kkf4hni9  

本題關鍵詞在most上面,構成了程度對比的推理。第一句意為“目前最為豐富的地熱是80到180度這相對較低溫度。”也就是說,比這個溫度低或者高的地熱都不如它們常見,B選項符合。

 

225128h7xq8i84kkf4hni9

本題的推斷主要是leatherback turtle 和whale之間的類比。文章提到說leatherback turtle與whale更接近,而leatherback turtle能夠游到北方和南方寒冷的海洋地區。作為類比,我們可以猜測鯨魚也可以游到這些地方 

 

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反面事實細節題(Negative Factual Information Questions)

 

225128h7xq8i84kkf4hni9  

 

A選項錯誤,與第二句話矛盾,控制中心位於腦幹的是自動新陳代謝系統,而不是自動呼吸系統。其餘三個選項在原文中都有依據,是正確的。

 

225128h7xq8i84kkf4hni9  

A選項依據在第二段的最後一句話,根據第六段中的內容來看,C選項也是正確的。 D選項比較明顯,在第七段的開頭就明確點出來了。而B選項,第一段中雖然出現了ocean floor,但是主要是說化石的發現地,用以引出下面對化石保存的討論,並沒有直接提到化石保存的內容,沒有在原文中找到依據,屬於捏造型的錯誤。

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事實細節題(Factual Information Questions)

 

225128h7xq8i84kkf4hni9  

事實細節題的重點在於看懂原文內容和選項意思。與本題內容相關的部分已經高亮,仔細辨別之後,我們可以發現前兩個選項與題幹的意思完全相反了,切不可因為他們看起來和原文內容極為相似就選擇了。而最後一個選項原文中根本沒有提到,予以排除,所以正確選項就是C。

 

225128h7xq8i84kkf4hni9  

 

根據原文中because後面的內容,這題可以直接選出正確答案D。同樣的,我們也可以運用排除法,A選項屬於捏造事實,排除;B選項也是原文中沒有提到的內容,而且按照B的說法,應該得出和題幹相反的結論,排除;C選項與because之後的內容相矛盾,排除。

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在托福聽力裡有一些句子很經典,但卻是考生聽不懂意思的小詞小句,以下文章是托福我為大家總結了那些句子,以及在出現這些句子的真題。希望對同學們的托福聽力準備有所幫助。


1.take a rain check 改天吧

—— Can you come over for dinner tonight? (今天晚上來吃飯好嗎?)

—— I'm up to my ears in work, so I'll have to take a raincheck。 (我工作很忙,改天吧。)

 

2. lost count 弄不清楚

—— Ever since your girlfriend moved to Bridgeport, you are alwaysdriving there. How many trips a week do you makeanyway?

(自從你的女友搬到Bridgeport,你老是開車去看她。一周去幾次啊?)

——I have lost count, but I can do it with my eyesclosed。 (搞不清楚了,但我閉著眼也能摸過去。)

 

3. be in another world 精神恍惚;魂不守舍

—— Pete’s really out of it these days。 (Pete 這幾天有點心不在焉。) —— Yeah, I know. Ever since he met Ann, he's been in

anotherworld。 (我同意。自從他遇見Ann, 他就魂不守捨了。)

 

4. make yourself at home 隨意,隨便

—— Do you mind if I take off my jacket?(你介意我脫下夾克嗎?)

—— Of course not, make yourself at home。 (當然不介意,隨意​​一點!)

 

5. save your breath 省口氣吧;別白費口舌了—— Hey? John! John!(嘿,John! John!)

—— Save your breath. He"s out of earshot。(省口氣吧。他已經聽不到了。)

 

6. make sense 有意義,理解

—— The plot of that movie is hard to follow。 (那部電影的情節很難跟得上。) —— It makes more sense the second time。 (再看一遍

就理解了。)

 

7. cost sb. an arm and a leg 非常昂貴

——Did you see the diamond ring Bill gave toLinda?(你看到Bill送給Linda的鑽戒了嗎?) ——I sure did. It must have cost him an

arm and aleg。 (當然了。那一定很昂貴。)

 

8.burn a hole in one's pocket 很快地被花光

——Have you saved enough to buy that new printer for your computeryet? (你攢足錢給你的電腦買一台新打印機了嗎?)

——You know money seems to be burning a hole in my pocket lately .Maybe next month. (這幾個月我花錢如流水。也許下個月吧。)

 

9.fill one's shoes 很好地頂替;令人滿意地替代

——Have you heard that Professor ​​Jones is retiring?(你聽說Jones教授要退休了嗎?)

——Yes. The faculty won't find anyone to fill her shoes。 (是的。學校將很難找到合適的人來代替她。)

 

10.is ice cold 表示理所當然

——Does Prof. Ford always come to class? (Ford教授總是來上課嗎?) ——Is ice cold? (當然了。)

 

11.like apples and oranges 用來表示無法相比的事物

——Which game do you think is more difficult to learn, chess orbridge? (你認為橋牌和象棋哪個更難學?)

——They are like apples and oranges. (它倆沒法比較。)

 

12.look for a needle in a hay stack 大海撈針

——We are supposed to meet John here at the train station。 (我們要在火車站接John。) ——That's like looking for a needle in a

hay stack . (那可真是大海撈針。)

 

13.lose one’s train of 忘記

——When you interrupted me, you made me lose my train of thought。 (你打斷了我的思考,我忘記我在想什麼了。)

 

14.meet each other half way 相互妥協,讓步

——My chemistry project is in trouble because my partner and I hadtotally different ideas about how to proceed。 (我的化學課題

出問題了。在進展問題上,我與我的合作者意見完全不同。) ——You should try to meet each other half way. (你們應該相互妥協。)

 

15.on the dot 準時;正點

——Did you and Amanda rea​​lly meet exactly five minutes to two infront of the theatre? (你和Amanda確實在差5分兩點的時候到達劇

院門口了嗎?)

——Yes, we were both there on the dot. (是的,我倆都準點到達。)

 

16.once and for all 最後一次;乾脆

——I am going to tell that neighbor of mine to turn down that musiconce and for all。 (我要最後一次告訴我那個鄰居把音樂聲關小。)

——I see why you are angry. But I've always found that the politeroute is the most effective. (我明白你為什麼惱火。但我總覺得禮貌

的方式是最有效的。)

 

17.out of earshot 不在聽力所及範圍

——Hey? John! John! (嗨! John! John! )

 

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