定冠詞限定名詞時主要表示特指,針對TOEFL應注意以下幾點:

 

(1) the和可數名詞單數連用,表示一類人或物,如:

the fern(蕨類), the wallflower

 

(2) 序數詞之前必須用the,如:

the first woman, the nineteenth century

前面有物主代詞時除外,如my first baby

 

(3) 形容詞最高級之前必須用the(有物主代詞時除外),如:

the largest city, the most advanced technology

 

(4) of連接的名詞前多用the, 如:

the development of the watch,

 

(5) 世界上獨一無二的東西前應加the, 如:

the globe(地球),the equator(赤道), the moon, the sun

在下列情況下,一般不用the

a. 表示人名、地名、國家名等專有名詞前, 一般不加,如:

Dennis Chavez(人名),Alaska(地名),English(英語), February(二月), America(美國)

但是在表示海洋、海峽、江、河、山脈、群島等專有名詞時加上the

the Great Lakes(美國五大湖), the Changjiang River(長江)

b.無特指的不可數名詞前,如:

algebra(代數學), advertising, accounting(會計學) www.ExamW.CoM

c.表示類別的複數名詞前,如:

Historians believe that…, Amphibians(兩棲動物) hatch from…

d.一些固定詞組中,如:

in history, in nature, at work, at home , go to school, go to bed, in bed

乘車的詞組:

by train(乘火車), by car (乘汽車), by bicycle(騎腳踏車), by bus (乘公共汽車),

by land(由陸路), by sea (由海路), by water (由水路) , by air (通過航空)

on foot (步行), by plane(乘飛機), by ship (乘船),

打球的詞組:

play tennis, play baseball, play basketball

注意:表示職位的詞之前的冠詞有無均可, 如:He was elected (the) chairman of the committee.

例題:

(1 ) Historically, ---- chief material for making furniture has been wood, but metal and stone have also been used.

(A) it was the

(B) that the

(C) there was a

(D) the

答案:D

解釋:空格後是主謂句,A、C可先排除,B使原句只有從句沒有主句,只剩下D可選,D是定冠詞作名詞material的限定詞,表特指

 

The Yukon River, which flows into the Bering Sea, gives its name to a region of Alaska and a territory of the Canada.

應改為:of

解釋:Canada是國名,屬專用名詞,之前不能加定冠詞

 

(3) The development of professional sports in the United States dates back tonineteenth century.

應改為:to the nineteenth

解釋:nineteenth是序數詞,之前應加the

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