1.When asked about the ongoing uproar involving US President Bill Clinton , most people say the affair involves a purely private matter . But many other people regard his actions as deplorable . I personally think the president committed impeachable offences .

當被問及對現在有關美國總統比爾•克林頓的沸沸揚揚的議論有什麼看法時,大多數人認為這種曖昧關係純屬私事。但是,還有很多人認為他的行為應當受到譴責。我個人認為總統犯了這些過錯,應該被指控。


2. When it comes to the increasing use of motor vehicles in Beijing , some people think that use should be limited . Others argue that the opposite is true . There is probably some truth to both arguments,but emission controls must be instituted regardless of the number of vehicles.

涉及北京機動車使用量增加這一問題,有的人認為應該限制使用。另一些人持相反意見。也許雙方的觀點都有一定道理,但是,無論車輛多少,必須對廢氣排放實行控制。


3. There is a general debate nowadays about the problem of itinerant workers . Those who object to the rising migrant population argue that increasing numbers lead to rising crime rates and harm social stability . They believe that strict limits should be placed on migrants entering China ' s cities . But people who favor the influx of the cheap labor force , on the other hand , maintain that migrants are needed to support the massive urban infrastructure construction program .

目前,針對流動工人的問題展開了普遍的爭論。反對流動工人增加的人認為這會導致犯罪率升高,從而危害社會穩定。他們主張應該嚴格限制進入中國城市的流動工人。但是,另一方面,支持廉價勞動力流入的人主張,為了支持大規模的城市基礎設施建設規劃,流動人口是必需的。


4. It is widely acknowledged that extensive deforestation contributed to heavy summer flooding .
Experts argue that China must introduce a massive afforestation program . But I doubt whether afforestation alone will solve the problem .

人們普遍認為過度砍伐造成了夏季特大洪水。專家認為中國必須推行大規模的植樹造林計劃。但我對僅僅植樹造林就能解決問題表示懷疑。

 

5. Most people are of the opinion that wealth provides solutions to all problems . But in spite of the material benefits wealth provides , I believe one should abandon the pursuit of materialism and instead concentrate on the pursuit of happiness .

大多數人認為財富為所有問題提供解決的辦法。但是,我認為,儘管財富提供物質上的利益,一個人應該放棄物質至上的追求,而是集中精力追求幸福。


6. Many people believe that capital punishment deters crime . But although criminologists have conducted exhaustive research regarding the subject , little evidence exists to support the claim .

很多人相信極刑能阻止犯罪。但是,雖然刑事學家就這一課題做了詳盡的研究,幾乎沒有證據能支持這種說法。


7. An increasing number of people are joining the " Information Age " via the Internet . In reaction to the phenomenon , some say the Internet has removed barrters and provided people with immediate access to the world . But do they raelize that rapidly advancing information technology can also lead to intrusions of privacy ?

越來越多的人通過互聯網進入了“信息時代”。針對這一現象,一些人認為互聯網消除了障礙,為人們提供了與世界即時鏈接的途徑。但是,他們有沒有意識到迅速發展的信息技術也能導致侵犯隱私?


8. The use of guanxi is a widespread method for conducting business , but is it a wise one ? The method is now being challenged by more and more people .

利用關係是做生意的普遍做法,但這種做法明智嗎?現在,越來越多的人對這種方法提出了質疑。


9. These days we often hear about the widening gap between the rich and poor . Some argue the developed world has totally ignored the problem . But has it ? Close examination fails to bear out the argument .

最近,我們經常聽到貧富差距擴大了的說法。一些人認為發達世界完全忽略了這個問題。事實是這樣嗎?細緻的調查無法證實這一觀點。

 

10. We ' re often told that the world is tethering on the brink of destruction . But is this really the case ?

我們經常被告知世界處於毀滅的邊緣。但事實真是這樣嗎?


11. One of the pressing problema facing our nation today is overcoming disparities in urban and rural income levels .

我們國家如今面臨的緊迫問題之一是克服城鄉收入水平之間的差距。


12. One of the most serious problems many people talk about centers on the lack of adequate housing space .

許多人談論的一個最嚴重的問題集中在缺乏足夠的居住空間。

 

13. Perhaps the most dangerous phenomenon gripping the nation today is official corruption , which is pervasive in all levels of government .

也許當今困擾國家的最危險的現像是遍布各級政府的官員腐敗。


14. Inflation is yet another new and bitter truth we must learn to face .

通貨膨脹又是一個我們必須學會面對的痛苦的新情況。


15. The rapid expansion of urban areas has in many cases encroached on valuable cultivatable land , and led to a general recognition that development must not be carried at the cost of agriculture . The government has attached greater importance to the problem and an increasing number of redundant projects are being terminated .

城區的迅速擴大在很多情況下侵占了寶貴的可耕地,使人們普遍認識到發展不能以犧牲農業為代價。政府更加重視這個問題,越來越多的不必要的工程被終止。


16. There is a growing worldwide awareness of the need for strengthened environmental protection .

世界上越來越多的人認識到加強環境保護的必要性。


17. There has been a dramatic increase in the spread of HIV/AIDS in recent years , with a new study projecting that the dreaded disease will affect over 30 million people worldwide by the year 2005 .

近年來,艾滋病蔓延的幅度進一步擴大,一項新的研究預測,到2005 年,世界上有超過三千萬人將感染這一可怕的疾病。


18. Working with the disabled cannot help but leave one impressed with their indefatigable desire .

與殘疾人一起工作使一個人不得不對他們堅持不懈的渴望印象深刻。


19. Perhaps no issues are more controversial than euthanasia and abortion , both of which involve taking the life of a human being .

也許沒有問題比安樂死和人工流產更有爭議性,它們都涉及結束一個人的生命。


20. Never before in history has the issue of overpopulation been more evident than now .

歷史上,人口過剩的問題從來沒有比現在更加突出。


21. Perhaps it is time to reexamine the idea that college degrees are a guarantee of intelligence .

也許現在是應該重新考慮大學為是智力的保證這種想法的時候了。


22. A growing number of people are beginning to realize that wealth is not the sole prerequisite for happiness .

越來越多的人開始意識到財富不是幸福的惟一先決條件。


23. In spite of the extraordinary progress made in science and technology , problems remain in terms of guaranteeing that achievements benefit the greatest number of people .

儘管科學技術取得了非凡的進步,但是在保證進步成果使盡可能多的人受益這方面還存在一些問題。


24. A famous thinker once wrote that " the greatest threat to mankind is mankind itself ! " If this is indeed the case , then the current situation should make us ponder our futuer existence .

一位著名的思想家曾經寫道:“對人類最大的威脅是人類自身!”如果事實確實如此,那麼,現狀應該促使我們對我們未來的生存進行思索了。


25. US President Harry Truman once remarked : " The buck stops here ! " His view has been confirmed by numerous world leaders who have assumed full responsibility for their actions .

美國總統杜魯門曾經說過:“責任止於此!”(意為勿再把責任往別處推,這是杜魯門辦公室桌上的座右銘)他的觀點得到了很多對自己的行動承擔完全責任的世界領袖的肯定。


26. Large families were once seen as a blessing . Today , however , things are changing and an increasing number of Chinese parents realize that fewer is better .

大家庭曾經被看做是一種福氣。然而,今天,情況改變了,越來越多的中國家長意識到家庭成員越少越好。


27. People used to place total reliance on the government . The so-called " iron rice bowl " prevailed in the past , but things are quite different today .

過去,人們習慣完全依靠政府。以前盛行所謂的“鐵飯碗”,但今天的情況有很大的不同。

 

28. We owe a debt of gratitude to the many individuals who dedicated their lives to making the world a better place . However , we must not rest on their accomplishments , but must instead work assiduously to record even greater achievements .

我們應該感謝許多為把世界變得更美好而奉獻一生的人。然而,我們不能依靠他們的成績,而必須努力工作,取得更輝煌的成就。

 

29. Years of observing human behavior has enabled me to conclude that the major difference

between mediocrity and success lies solely with the individual concerned . Successful individuals consistently seek advancement , while their less industrious contemporaries are merely content
with the status quo .

對人們行為的多年觀察使我能夠得出這樣的結論:平庸和成功的主要區別僅僅在於相關的個人。成功的個人不斷尋求進步,而他們比較懶惰的同時代人僅僅滿足於現狀。


30. Traditional way of thinking have changed dramatically . The pendulum has swung and people are exhibiting greater open-mindedness and a burning desire to detemine their own destiny .

傳統的思維方式有了顯著的變化。輿論發生了劇變,人們表現出更開放的思想以及決定他們自己命運的強烈願望。


31. There has been undesirable trend in recent years towards the worship of money . A recent survey showed that X percent of respondents ranked getting rich as their top priority , compared to X percent only a few years ago . Why do people fail to realize that wealth does not necessarily bring happiness ?

近年來出現了對社會有害的拜金主義傾向。最近的一項調查表明,X%的調查對象把致富作為他們的首選,相比之下,就在幾年前,只有X%的人這樣想。為什麼人們沒能意識到財富不一定帶來幸福呢?


32. Some months ago , a friend of mine was killed in a tragic automobile accident involving a drunk driver . The incident was far from rare , and was in fact typical of thousands of cases involving people dricing under the influence of alcohol .

幾個月前,我的一個朋友死於一場與酒後駕車有關的悲慘車禍。這件事情一點兒也不罕見,事實上是數以千計的案件的典型,這些案件與在酒精作用下開車的人有關。


33. I recently read a newspaper article on the rampant spread of child abuse . The deplorable problem of the widespread abuse of innocent children has aroused public concern nationwide .

最近,我在報紙上讀到一篇關於虐待兒童現像變得猖獗的文章。普遍虐待無辜兒童的問題令人深感遺憾,它已經引起了全國公眾的關注。


34. Should parents spare the rod and spoil the child ? Opinions concerning strict parental discipline vary widely . Some view strict discipline as nothing more than a form of abuse , while others argue it is an essential factor for instilling appropriate social behavior .

家長應不應該閒了棍子、慣了孩子?針對嚴厲的家教的看法大相徑庭。有的人就是把嚴厲的管教看成一種虐待,而另外的人認為這是逐漸灌輸得體的社會行為的要素。


35. What do you think of the increasing openness accompanying the ongoing sexual revolution ?
Do you ever fantasize ? Answers to these questions should be based on a determination between
appropriate and inappropriate behavior .

你如何看待對現在的性革命越來越開放的態度?你曾經想像過嗎?回答這些問題之前應先界定得體和不得體的行為。


36. Why do some governments persist in spending billions of dollars on space exploration when starvation and poverty continue to grip many countries throughout the world ? This particular question is being raised by an ever increasing number of people .

既然世界上許多國家仍被飢餓和貧困所困擾,為什麼有的政府還堅持花費數十億美元用於太空探索?現在越來越多的人提出這個問題。


37. Judging from the reams of evidence presented , we can safely conclude that the Three Gorges Project will change the lives of an untold number of people forever .

根據現有的大量證據,我們可以有把握地得出這樣的結論:三峽工程將永遠改變無數人的生活。


38. The ample evidence presented enables us to reasonably conclude that the scourge of AIDS will be brought under control in the foreseeable future .

提出的充分證據使我們能夠合理地得出這樣的結論:艾滋病的禍害在可預見的將來就能得到控制。


39. We must seek immediate solutions for problems leading to the rapid depletion of the earth's ozone layer . If allowed to proceed unchecked , the problem will undoubtedly exacerbate global warming and threaten life as we know it today .

我們必須尋求立即解決引起地球臭氧層快速損耗的問題的辦法。如果任其自由發展,這一問題無疑會加劇全球升溫,並且正如今天我們所知道的那樣危及生命。


40. Quite obviously , immediate action is needed to extricate 80 million Chinese people from the grips of poverty in order to remove the danger of social unrest and ensure continuing stability .

很明顯,需要立即採取行動使八千萬中國人擺脫貧困,從而消除社會動蕩的危險,確保持續的穩定。


41. Taiwan needs to reexamine the results of political and social modernization in order to ascertain the benefits and indeed the detrimental aspects from a new perspective . Otherwise , various perceived accomplishments might in fact prove to be far from beneficial .

台灣需要重新檢查政治和社會現代化帶來的結果以便從新的角度明確它們的好處,甚至是有害的方面。否則,許多我們以為取得的成就實際上可能完全不會帶來好處。


42. It is essential to heed warnings of potentially catastrophic consequences associated with the Year 2000 computer bug and , in turn , to attach top priority to finding effective solutions to ensure a smooth transition into the new century .

我們必須注意有關計算機千年蟲可能帶來的災難性結果的警告,並且相應地優先考慮尋找有效的解決辦法以確保順利過渡到新世紀。


43. It is high time we put an end to the deplorable practice of infanticide.

我們早該杜絕殺嬰這種應遭譴責的做法。


44. There is little doubt that immediate action is required to eliminate the scourge of corruption once and forever .

毫無疑問,必須立即採取行動徹底消除腐敗的禍害。


45. In short , we must work diligently to make the world a better place for coming generations . We must not persist in pursuits harmful to the environment .

簡而言之,我們必須勤奮工作,為了下一代把世界變成更美好的地方。我們不應該堅持對環境有害的追求。


46.​​ We must avoid overindulgence and conspicuous consumption . We must instead continue to recognize the benefits of thrift in order to protect our newfound prosperity .

我們必須避免過分放縱和鋪張浪費。相反,我們應該繼續發揚節儉的優點以守護我們新獲得的繁榮。


47. It is absolutely essential to reverse the irrational misuse of nonrenewable resources . For example , fuel-efficient motor vehicles must be developed to reduce oil consumption and alternative energy sources must be found to replace coal .

徹底改變對不可再生資源的非理性濫用是絕對有必要的。例如,必須開發節能的機動車減少汽油的消耗量,並且必須找到可替代能源取代煤。


48. While achieving success is easier said than done , persistence does in fact pay off . One of the most important traits of a successful person is self-confidence , another is desire , and still another is determination .

獲得成功說起來比做起來容易,然而堅持不懈確實會有好結果。成功人士的最重要的特徵之一是自信,第二是渴望​​,還有一個是決心。


49. Recognizing a problem is the first step in finding a solution .

認識到問題是找到解決辦法的第一步。


50. Many of the explanations offered thus far are at least to a certain extent valid , but none fully address the problem and the issue must be examined in a wider context .

目前提供的許多解釋至少在一定程度上是正確的,但是,沒有一個解釋能完全處理問題,這件事情必須放在更廣闊的背景中考慮。

 

(未完待續...)

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